Comparison between Han Chinese:
The yellow part is O3 (Han Chinese haplogroup), red part is O2a, pale blue is O1, pink part looks like a bunch of haplogroups together based on the legend at the bottom of the picture. But the words of the legend are so tiny that I can hardly see it. I think it says that the pink part are N*, O2*, C3*, Q1, N1.
Comparison between Koreans/Japanese/Manchurians/Northen Han/Southern Han/Vietnamese:
Yellow part is once again Han Chinese O3 haplogroup. Vietnamese has a fair bit of O3, but less than that of the Han Chinese of course. It is interesting to see that Vietnamese has some O2b, a genetic marker that is dominant in Koreans and Japanese that are not found in neither Northern nor Southern Han. However, Vietnamese and Japanese lack Q1 (dominant in Kazakh) that the Koreans, Northern Han, and Southern Han have a bit of.
Vietnamese are most similar to Southern Chinese. The only differences are that Southern Chinese have a bit of Q1 that Vietnamese don\'t have, Vietnamese have more O2a and less of O3 than South Chinese, and Vietnamese have some O2b that South Chinese don\'t have. Overall it looks like Vietnamese and South Chinese are similar!
edited on 5/5/2013 8:59:13 AM